Imports and exports between the two countries totalled $690.6bn (£572.6bn) in 2022, official figures show.
Relations between the countries have hit new lows in recent days after a Chinese balloon travelled across the US. Beijing denies US claims it was used for spying.
The world’s two biggest economies have also been in a trade war since 2018.
The new figures show that US imports from China increased to $536.8bn last year as American shoppers spent more on Chinese-made goods, including toys and mobile phones. In the same period, US exports to China increased to $153.8bn.
While some of the increase in trade between the two countries is a result of the rising cost of living, the figures also point to how reliant the US and China still are on each other even after years of trade conflict between them.
“I think it’s an important indication of the difficulties of actually decoupling,” Deborah Elms, the founder of Asian Trade Centre, told the BBC.
“Even if governments, firms and consumers wanted to separate, the economics make it difficult to deliver products in a decoupled world at a price that firms and consumers are willing to pay,” she added.
In 2018, the Trump administration started to ramp up trade measures against Beijing.
After decades of rising Chinese imports, Mr Trump began imposing tariffs on a total of more than $300bn worth of Chinese goods. China hit back by placing import levies on about $100bn of American goods.
Most of those measures remain in place more than two years after Joe Biden became president.
This month, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken had been due to visit China in what was seen as a thawing of relations between the two country’s.
America’s top diplomat was set to visit Beijing from 5 to 6 February to hold talks on a wide range of issues, including security, Taiwan and Covid-19.
However, the trip was abruptly postponed after the discovery of a suspected Chinese surveillance balloon that drifted across America.
Chinese officials have repeatedly said that the “airship is for civilian use and entered the US due to force majeure – it was completely an accident”.
In his State of the Union address on Tuesday, US President Joe Biden made no direct mention of the Chinese balloon but said that his administration will always protect its sovereignty.
“I am committed to work with China where it can advance American interests and benefit the world. But make no mistake: as we made clear last week, if China’s threatens our sovereignty, we will act to protect our country. And we did,” he said.